Breaking ones ablution in prayer
- The one who breaks his ablution during prayer unintentionally, but not intentionally or by loss of mind or ejaculation, may go to take ablution and then continue from where he was in the prayer. If he does anything else that invalidates the prayer other than making the necessary movements to make ablution, such as speaking, exposing the ^awrah, or passing by water close by in order to use other water, then his prayer is invalidated. It is also invalidated if he waits for the time it takes to perform an obligation before he takes off, or performs a part of the prayer after breaking the ablution. It is in any case better to start over.
- If the leader broke his ablution unintentionally or became unable to recite (before completing the minimum recital), then he appoints a replacement immediately.
12 invalidators of the prayer before saying the ending salaamThese invalidate the prayer even after sitting for the last tashahhud before saying the salam:
- The one who has taken ablution by soil sees water.
- The unintentional exposure of the foot of the one who has been wiping his footwear (khuff) by little movement.
- The time-period for wiping the footwear runs out.
- The unable to recite learns to recite a suurah of the Quran.
- The naked one finds something to cover with.
- The one who was only hinting at the movements of prayer became strong enough to bow and prostrate.
- Someone remembered an obligatory prayer that he missed and didn't pray yet.
- The leader of the prayer broke his ablution and appointed a replacement that doesn't know how to recite.
- The time of Fajr ended.
- The time of Asr entered during the Friday Group Prayer.
- Someone was wearing a bandage and it fell off exposing a healed wound.
- Someone became well after being excused from taking ablution from some of its invalidators due to an ailment, such as irregular vaginal bleeding.
When the leader ends his prayer by other than saying salaam
- If the leader of the prayer sat for the length of time of the tashahhud (the last obligation), and then laughed or willfully broke his ablution then:
- The prayer is valid, but it is a duty to repeat it.
- Those who did not catch the first subset with him have invalid prayers.
- If the leader spoke or exited from the moske after completing all his obligations, without saying the salaam, then the prayers of those who did not catch the first subset were not invalidated.